1 field.multilingual.inc field_language($entity_type, $entity, $field_name = NULL, $langcode = NULL)

Returns the display language for the fields attached to the given entity.

The actual language for each given field is determined based on the requested language and the actual data available in the fields themselves. If there is no registered translation handler for the given entity type, the display language to be used is just LANGUAGE_NONE, as no other language code is allowed by field_available_languages(). If translation handlers are found, we let modules provide alternative display languages for fields not having the requested language available. Core language fallback rules are provided by locale_field_language_fallback() which is called by locale_field_language_alter().


$entity_type: The type of $entity.

$entity: The entity to be displayed.

$field_name: (optional) The name of the field to be displayed. Defaults to NULL. If no value is specified, the display languages for every field attached to the given entity will be returned.

$langcode: (optional) The language code $entity has to be displayed in. Defaults to NULL. If no value is given the current language will be used.

Return value

A language code if a field name is specified, an array of language codes keyed by field name otherwise.

Related topics


core/modules/field/field.multilingual.inc, line 279
Functions implementing Field API multilingual support.


function field_language($entity_type, $entity, $field_name = NULL, $langcode = NULL) {
  $display_languages = &backdrop_static(__FUNCTION__, array());
  list($id, , $bundle) = entity_extract_ids($entity_type, $entity);
  $langcode = field_valid_language($langcode, FALSE);

  if (!isset($display_languages[$entity_type][$id][$langcode])) {
    $display_language = array();

    // By default display language is set to LANGUAGE_NONE if the field
    // translation is not available. It is up to translation handlers to
    // implement language fallback rules.
    foreach (field_info_instances($entity_type, $bundle) as $instance) {
      $display_language[$instance['field_name']] = isset($entity->{$instance['field_name']}[$langcode]) ? $langcode : LANGUAGE_NONE;

    if (field_has_translation_handler($entity_type)) {
      $context = array(
        'entity_type' => $entity_type,
        'entity' => $entity,
        'language' => $langcode,
      backdrop_alter('field_language', $display_language, $context);

    $display_languages[$entity_type][$id][$langcode] = $display_language;

  $display_language = $display_languages[$entity_type][$id][$langcode];

  // Single-field mode.
  if (isset($field_name)) {
    return isset($display_language[$field_name]) ? $display_language[$field_name] : FALSE;

  return $display_language;